Geography4Kids.com Home Link to Earth Structure Link to Biosphere Link to Atmosphere Link to Hydrosphere Link to Biogeochemical Cycles Link to Activities Geography4Kids Sections Search
Earth Structure and Composition
 

What Happens When Two Plates Meet?

There are usually only a few possibilities when two plates come up against each other. We'll talk about faulting, folding, a dip slip, and a strike slip. All of these events happen when two large pieces of land begin to move. Each type of interaction will give a unique geographical result that helps scientists understand earth movements deep below the surface.

Folding

Folding happens when two pieces of a plate come together and push against each other. Take a piece of paper and place it on the table. Now push the ends together. You should see the paper get a big bulge in the middle. That bulge is like the folding that happens on Earth. You get ripples in the surface. Obviously, there will be high and low points. The high points of the ripples are called anticlines. The low points of the ripples are synclines.

Faulting

Faults in a plate are usually parallel to each other. They run up and down the plate in an area called a fault zone. Many people in the United States think of California when they think of faults. That's because areas with a lot of faults have a lot of earthquakes. In reality, there are faults all over North America, not just in California. Those fault zones may only be a few inches long or they can travel for miles without ending. There are two big types of faults: dip slips and strike slips.

Dip Slips

A dip slip is when two pieces of land change their vertical (up and down) position compared to each other. After the movement, one side is higher than the other side.

Strike Slips

A strike slip happens when two pieces of land move horizontally (side to side) to each other. That movement would be left or right compared to the other piece. We talked about California before. The San Andreas Fault in California is an example of a large strike slip. It is the point where the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate move against each other.

Next page on the earth structure.
 
- Overview
- Composition
- Magnetic Field
- Structure
- Rock Types
- Tectonics
> Faulting
- Earthquakes
- Volcanoes

MORE EARTH SCIENCE TOPICS



Link to Cosmos4Kids.com Link to Biology4Kids.com Link to Chem4Kids.com Link to Geography4Kids.com Link to Physics4Kids.com Link to NumberNut.com Rader Network Side Navigation
 

Earthquake Research and Drilling (US-NSF Video)
RETURN TO TOP
- or -

Earth Science Quiz

Structure of Earth Quiz

Useful Reference Materials

Encyclopedia.com:
http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/fault.aspx
Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fault_(geology)
Encyclopædia Britannica:
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/202708/fault


 
RELATED LINKS
- Geography4Kids: Earthquakes
- Chem4Kids: Solids
- Chem4Kids: Environmental Chemistry
- Chem4Kids: Elements
- Cosmos4Kids: Earth
- Cosmos4Kids: Mars
- Cosmos4Kids: Space Exploration
- Physics4Kids: Magnetic Fields
- Physics4Kids: Gravity

- NASA: Kennedy Space Center
- NASA: Goddard Spaceflight Center

  RETURN TO TOP
or
Search for more information...

* The custom search only looks at Rader's sites.
 



Help Page Go for site help or a list of earth science and geography topics at the site map!
©copyright 1997-2014 Andrew Rader Studios, All rights reserved.
Current Page: Geography4Kids.com | Physical Geography | Earth Structure | Faulting


** Andrew Rader Studios does not monitor or review the content available at these web sites. They are paid advertisements and neither partners nor recommended web sites.